Unit 1 Art 李仕才 一、阅读理解。 He was there every morning, sitting motionless on the front steps of his house. In the morning light, I could see the shadows that were etched(蚀刻)deep within the lines surrounding his eyes. Each morning I walked this route with my daughter to her kindergarten class. We were new to the neighborhood so that I didn’t know many of my neighbors. On one beautiful autumn morning, as we passed his house, my daughter called out to him, “Hi, Mr. Man!” Always the outgoing child, I wasn’t surprised at her enthusiasm. But her cheerfulness soon faded when the man didn’t look at her and say “Hi” back. As we continued on our walk to school, my daughter asked why the man didn’t want to say hi to her. Because I didn’t have an answer, I said simply, “Maybe he is having a bad day.” later I knew that Bob lost his wife in a car accident. A few days later, as we approached Bob’s house on our way to school, my daughter called out “Hi Mr. Man!” and as usual, he didn’t respond. But then she ran onto his front lawn and picked up a beautiful red autumn leaf. She continued up one step and handed it to him. I held my breath. As she skipped back to me, she said, “See you tomorrow, Mr. Man!” This time, he acknowledged her. In a soft gentle voice, he thanked her and said, “See you tomorrow.” From then on, Bob and my daughter exchanged greeting each morning. Our friendship with Bob continued for many years. But, the sweetest day is when Bob attended my daughter’s high school graduation. Bob gave my daughter a gift---a book on identifying various plants and trees. There, tucked in the pages that described an oak tree, was the leaf my daughter had given to Mr. Man when they first met. He had dried and pressed it and kept it all those years. 1.What puzzled the girl? A. The cause of the man’s sadness B. The shadows in the man’s eyes C. The man’s sitting still on the steps D. The man’s not answering her greeting 2.How did the author feel when his daughter gave the red leaf to the man? A. ProudB. Nervous C. EmbarrassedD. Comfortable 3.Why did Bob keep that little red leaf? A. It was a care from a girl B. It was a symbol of enthusiasm C. It was a reminder of his painful days D. It represented the knowledge of trees 4.Which of the following can be the best title for the text? A.A Simple Red LeafB.A Strange Neighbor C. An Unusual FriendD.A Greeting From A girl 【文章大意】本文是一篇记叙文。每天上学的路上，我和女儿总会遇见一位男士，女儿总会给他打招呼，但没有得到答复，有一天当女儿给他摘一片红色的树叶的时候，再次打招呼的时候，这次得到了答复。多年后在女儿毕业的时候，这位男士送给女儿一本书，上面印有各种各样的植物和树，还有女儿曾经送给他的那片树叶，在那片树叶里包含着那位男士痛苦的过去。 1.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据文中But her cheerfulness soon faded when the man didn’t look at her and say “Hi” back.及As we continued on our walk to school, my daughter asked why the man didn’t want to say hi to her. Because I didn’t have an answer,的提示可知令那位女孩困惑的是那位男士没有回答她的问候，故选D。 3.A 【解析】推理判断题。根据文中later I knew that Bob lost his wife in a car accident.的描述可知当时Bob刚刚失去自己的妻子，而女儿的行为让他很感动，所以保存下来这片红色的叶子，从而当作对自己痛苦时光的回忆，故选A。 4.A 【解析】主旨大意题。根据文中的描述可知这片红色的叶子一直贯穿全文，就是因为它才使故事得以发展，因此，一片红色的叶子就是该文的主旨，故选A。 二、教材与语法填空 根据教材课文内容，在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 At the time they were created, the Impressionist paintings were controversial, but today they 1.___________ (accept) as the beginning of what we call “modern art (20th century to today)”. This is because the Impressionists encouraged artists 2.___________ (look) at their environment in new ways. There are 3.___________ (score) of modern art styles, but without the Impressionists, many of these painting styles might not exist. 4．___________ the one hand, some modern art is abstract; that is, the painter does not attempt 5.___________ (paint) objects as we see them with our eyes, but instead 6.___________ (concentrate) on certain qualities of the object, 7.___________ (use) colour, line and shape to represent 8.___________ (they)． On the other hand, some paintings of modern art are so realistic 9.___________ they look like photographs. These styles are so different. Who can predict 10.___________ painting styles there will be in the future? 答案：1.are accepted 2.to look 3.scores 4.On 5.to paint 6.concentrates 7.using 8.them 9.that 10.what 三、完形填空 Hello, Mr. Wi-Fi. Life without you is next to impossible now. We re happy to sing your name from morning till evening, sometimes till dawn. __1__ I know you help me, sometimes you re making me do things with __2__ attention. Many times I promise myself that I ll __3__ my feelings towards you, but you re __4__ me closer and closer. You ve entered both my home and my __5__. You re just a window for our __6__ and information. But we people aren t __7__ only with the window. So we open all our __8__ for you. Is this a(n) __9__ or some kind of attachment? If this is an illness, is it curable? And if this is an attachment will you __10__ me to the lifelong togetherness? We want you 24/7. Can t you take a few days off so that both you and I can __11__？ You re a poison — not a slow one but a super __12__ poison which holds our mind and makes us dance __13__ its tune. Nowadays you re so __14__ that anyone can buy and make you our __15__. You ll never be bothered about our health but we ll __16__ be concerned about your “health”. Because you accompany us everywhere and never let us be alone. If you were a __17__ person made of flesh and blood (血肉之躯) would we love you the same? You __18__ us with your numerous talents and we even can t get rid of you. We re all you __19__. Sometimes I wonder how people in the previous generations __20__， but if they did why can t we? 1．A.Now that B．Only if C．Though D．When 2．A.praised B．increased C．focused D．divided 3．A.keep in B．bring back C．approve of D．give up 4．A.drawing B．pushing C．forcing D．observing 5．A.space B．soul C．society D．workplace 6．A.entertainment B．argument C．expansion D．struggle 7．A.strict B．satisfied C．generous D．busy 8．A.thoughts B．eyes C．exits D．doors 9．A.disease B．inspiration C．routine D．phenomenon 10．A.recommend B．instruct C．commit D．adapt 11．A.persist B．relax C．progress D．balance 12．A.raw B．ambiguous C．strong D．fast 13．A.to B．against C．from D．within 14．A.affordable B．valuable C．conventional D．attractive 15．A.addition B．expert C．companion D．instrument 16．A.sometimes B．always C．never D．seldom 17．A.selfish B．dishonest C．responsible D．real 18．A.control B．scold C．comfort D．challenge 19．A.friends B．slaves C．colleagues D．employers 20．A.suffered B．connected C．survived D．surfed 【解题导语】作者用诙谐的语气质问Wi-Fi，这呈现了现代人的一种通病，那就是对无线网络的依赖。 1．C 根据语境可知，虽然(Though)作者知道Wi-Fi帮助了自己，但是正是Wi-Fi的特殊作用让作者在做事情的时候会分心。 2．D 参见上题解析。 3．A 根据语境可知，作者很多次都对自己承诺说要抑制(keep in)自己对Wi-Fi的情感。bring back“使回忆起，使想起”；approve of“同意，赞成”；give up“放弃”。 4．A 根据语境可知，此处形象生动地表现了作者不能抗拒Wi-Fi对自己的吸引。draw“吸引”符合语境。force“强迫，迫使”；observe“观察”。 5．B Wi-Fi进入了作者的家和灵魂中。下文中的“holds our mind”是关键提示。 6．A Wi-Fi(本来)只是我们娱乐(entertainment)和获取信息的窗口。argument“争论”；expansion“扩张”；struggle“斗争，奋斗”。 7．B 根据上文的“You re just a window for our. information”以及“But”所表示的转折关系可知，此处表示人们并不满足于(satisfied)Wi-Fi仅仅是个“窗口(window)”。 strict“严格的”；generous“慷慨的”。 8．D 此处表示人们将Wi-Fi的作用扩大化，不仅仅满足于其作为窗口的作用，而是将所有的“门(doors)”打开迎接Wi-Fi。某种程度上而言，door是window的“升级版”。 9．A 结合下文中的“an illness”可知，作者疑惑的是自己和其他人对Wi-Fi如此依赖的现象是否是一种病(disease)。inspiration“灵感”；routine“惯例”；phenomenon“现象”。 10．C 如果对Wi-Fi的情感是一种依赖的话，Wi-Fi能保证与作者一生都亲密无间吗？commit意为“保证(做某事、遵守协议或遵从安排等)，承诺”，符合语境。recommend“推荐”；instruct“教导”；adapt“适应”。 11．B Wi-Fi不能给自己放几天假以便它和作者都能放松(relax)一下吗？persist“坚持”；progress“发展、(使)进步”；balance“平衡”。 12．D 根据本句中的“not a slow one”可知，Wi-Fi并不是慢性毒药，而是快速起效的毒药，故用fast与slow形成对比。raw“不熟练的”；ambiguous“含糊不清的”。 13．A Wi-Fi是一种能控制人们的思想并使人们随着它的音调起舞的毒药。dance to表示“随着……跳舞”。 14．A 根据下文中的“anyone can buy”可知，如今Wi-Fi的价格是如此低廉以至于任何人都能买到，并使其成为人们的伴侣。affordable“支付得起的，不算太贵的”；valuable“有价值的”；conventional“传统的”；attractive“有吸引力的”。 15．C 参见上题解析。下文中的“Because you accompany us everywhere and never let us be alone”亦是提示。addition“加，添加”；companion“伴侣，伙伴”；instrument“工具”。 16．B 毫无生命的Wi-Fi是决不会在意其用户的健康的，但是用户们会一直担心Wi-Fi的“健康”，此处用always与上文的“never”形成对比，强调人们对Wi-Fi的在意程度。 17．D 根据下文中的“person made of flesh and blood(血肉之躯)”可知，作者想知道如果Wi-Fi成为拥有血肉之躯的真实的人，人们是否会一样喜欢它。selfish“自私的”；dishonest“不诚实的”；responsible“负责任的”。 18．A 根据上文作者介绍的人们对Wi-Fi的依赖及下文中的“we even can t get rid of you”可知，人们离开了Wi-Fi简直无法生活下去，而本句中的“with your numerous talents”正是Wi-Fi控制人们的方式。control“控制”；scold“责备”；comfort“安慰”；challenge“挑战”。 19．B 根据语境可知，Wi-Fi控制了人们，也就是说人们成了被其掌控的奴隶(slaves)。colleague“同事”；employer“雇主”。 20．C 根据语境尤其是本句中的“in the previous generations”可知，作者非常疑惑的是在早期没有Wi-Fi的时候人们是如何存活(survived)下来的。suffer“受苦”；connect“联系”；surf“冲浪”。 四、教材与话题写作 (Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。 1．我有很多业余爱好，其中包括艺术。(hobby; art) ____________________________________ 答案：I have many hobbies, including art. 2．上周日，我去了我市新建的画廊。(gallery) ____________________________________ 答案：Last Sunday, I went to the newly built gallery in our city. 3．在那里，我欣赏了很多著名的雕塑和绘画。(sculpture) ____________________________________ 答案：There I appreciated many famous sculptures and paintings. 4．它们深深地吸引了我，但我不知道那些创造者是如何做到的。(appeal to) ____________________________________ 答案：They all appealed to me deeply, but I had no idea how the creators made it. 5．通过这次参观，我加深了对艺术的理解，学到了很多东西。(not only.but also. ) ____________________________________ 答案：Through this visit, not only did I deepen the understanding of art, but I also learned a great deal. 6．从那以后，我打算多了解一下西方艺术。(Western art) ____________________________________ 答案：From then on, I decided to learn more about Western art. (Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文，要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。 ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 五、下面是李华的一篇作文，文中有五处错误，改正错误并背诵该文。 I have many hobbies, included art. Last Sunday, I went to the newly built gallery in our city, which I appreciated many famous sculptures and paintings. They all appealed to me deep, but I had no idea how the creator made it. Through this visit, not only did I deepen the understanding of art, but I also learned a great deal of.From then on, I decided to learn more about Western art. 答案： I have many hobbies, art. Last Sunday, I went to the newly built gallery in our city, I appreciated many famous sculptures and paintings.They all appealed to me ， but I had no idea how the made it.Through this visit, not only did I deepen the understanding of art, but I also learned a great deal .From then on, I decided to learn more about Western art.