Unit 5 Music 李仕才 【阅读理解插花】 Every week in China, millions of people will sit in front of their TVs watching teenagers compete for the title Character Hero, which is a Chinese-style spelling bee(拼写大赛). In this challenge, young competitors must write Chinese characters by hand. To prepare for the competition, the competitors usually spend months studying dictionaries. Perhaps the show’s popularity should not be a surprise. Along with gunpowder and paper, many Chinese people consider the creation of Chinese calligraphy(书法)to be one of their primary contributions to civilization. Unfortunately, all over the country, Chinese people are forgetting how to write their own language without computerized help. Software on smart phones and computers allows users to type in the basic sound of the word using the Latin alphabet. The correct character is chosen from a list. The result? It’s possible to recognize characters without remembering how to write them. But there’s still hope for the paint brush. China’s Education Ministry wants children to spend more time learning how to write. In one Beijing primary school we visited, students practice calligraphy every day inside a specially decorated classroom with traditional Chinese paintings hanging on the walls. Soft music plays as a group of six-year-olds dip brush pens into black ink. They look up at the blackboard often to study their teacher’s examples before carefully attempting to reproduce those characters on thin rice paper. “If adults can survive without using handwriting, why bother to teach it now? ” we ask the calligraphy teacher, Shen Bin. “The ability to write characters is part of Chinese tradition and culture, ” she answers. “Students must learn now so they don’t forget when they grow up. ” says the teacher. 【文章大意】本文介绍了由于许多中国人忘记了许多汉字的写法而进行的补救措施——让学生参加汉字拼写大会、教小学生书法。 1. Which of the following is closest in meaning with the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2? A. Every Chinese can write Chinese characters easily, especially with computers. B. Only with the help of computers can some Chinese people write Chinese characters. C. Despite the help of computers, Chinese people have forgotten how to write. D. Computers are the only means to rely on to write Chinese characters for many people. 【解析】选B。句意猜测题。本句的意思是如果没有电脑的帮助, 中国人正在忘记如何写汉字, 和B项的意思最接近。 2. What can we learn about the Character Hero? A. It’s open to people of all ages and all walks. B. It’s the most-viewed TV program in China. C. It aims to spread Chinese culture to the world. D. It draws great public attention across the country. 【解析】选D。推理判断题。根据第一段每周有数百万中国人坐在电视机前观看汉字拼写大会来判断D项的内容最符合。 3. Why are Chinese people forgetting how to write the characters? A. Chinese people don’t refer to dictionaries very often. B. Chinese people no longer use brush pens or practice calligraphy. C. Chinese people are using the Latin alphabet instead of the characters. D. Chinese people needn’t write by hand as often with the help of technology. 【解析】选D。推理判断题。根据第二段Software on smart phones and computers allows users to type in the basic sound of the word using the Latin alphabet. 智能手机和电脑上的软件允许使用者使用拉丁字母打出字来。所以, 不需要用手亲自写字。 4. According to Shen Bin, being able to write characters by hand is________. A. necessary for adults to survive in China B. a requirement made by the Education Ministry C. helpful to keep Chinese tradition and culture alive D. an ability to be developed only when you are students 【解析】选C。推理判断题。根据最后一段The ability to write characters is part of Chinese tradition and culture. 可知会写汉字是中华传统和文化。因此, 会写汉字有助于弘扬中华传统和文化。 教材与语法填空 根据教材课文内容，在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 If we are honest with ourselves, most of us have dreamed of 1. (be) rich and famous. Most musicians form a band because of the same interest in writing and playing music. They may play anywhere 2. (earn) some extra money as well as fulfill their dreams. 3. ， the Monkees, which started 4. (different), began as a TV show with musicians 5. (play) jokes and music in the programme. Only after a year or so did they become more serious and they 6. (produce) their own records and later became even 7. (popular) than the Beatles in the USA. The band once 8. (break) up and reunited. 9. memory of their former time as a real band, they produced 10. new record in 1996. 答案：1.being 2.to earn 3.However 4.differently 5．playing 6.produced 7.more popular 8.broke 9.In 10．a 教材与话题写作 (Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。 1．李明梦想成为一名歌手。(dream of) 答案：Li Ming dreamed of being a singer. 2．他依靠信心和毅力三十年如一日地练习唱歌。(rely on; confidence) 答案：He relied on his confidence and persistence to practise singing for 30 years. 3．这种做法为他赢得了成功。(earn) 答案：This has earned him success. 4．现在，每个人都熟悉他的声音。(familiar) 答案：Now his voice is familiar to everyone. 5．他十分看重人们给予他的帮助。(attach) 答案：He attaches great importance to the help people have offered. 6．另外，他也乐于帮助他人。(in addition) 答案：In addition, he is ready to help others. 7．因此他曾许诺他和忠实的歌迷的联系永远不结束。(devoted; break up) 答案：He has promised that the relationship between him and his devoted fans will never break up. (Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文，要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。 【完形填空插花】 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中，选出可能填入空白处的最佳选项。 When my kids were small，I started a tradition in our house of giving eight gifts over the course of the eight days of Hanukkah(光明节)．I liked the idea of __1__ a candle every night and giving my children a gift to unwrap to __2__.It was easy to go into a toy store and pick up something __3__ less than$10 each，or even$1 each(at the dollar store)．My children didn t ask for anything much in particular and they __4__ whatever they got. As the years progressed，I __5__ the tradition of eight gifts for each night of Hanukkah. But this year，Hanukkah __6__ something else.My special-needs son decided that he wanted to __7__ a computer，and it was up to me to buy all the parts of it.When I wouldn t __8__ that，he decided he wanted a P1ayStation.Then Amazon gift cards.Then money.And when it became clear that it wasn t going to happen，he got __9__. I keep __10__ him that Hanukkah isn t about greed or materialism.It s about the miracle of an oil lamp that __11__ for eight days.It s about being __12__ of our heritage.It s about freedom. But he __13__.I know deep down that his obsessions(迷恋的物)are out of his __14__ ，and definitely out of mine.Having a special-needs child is as __15__ as it gets.Some days are better than others and not all holidays __16__ the way I hope.But despite his unrealistic requests，he s a(n) __17__ child who is showing me the true meaning of life. And as we enter a new year and light the __18__ approaching the time，I welcome his differences __19__ I learn how to turn negative requests into __20__ ones. 1．A.buying B．donating C．lighting D．drawing 2．A.celebrate B．present C．send D．play 3．A.at B．for C．in D．from 4．A.ate B．threw C．liked D．drank 5．A.held up B．gave in C．handed in D．kept up 6．A.made B．became C．found D．designed 7．A.build B．buy C．use D．watch 8．A.rely on B．learn from C．agree to D．dream about 9．A.calm B．happy C．selfish D．upset 10．A.telling B．warning C．promising D．accusing 11．A.lays B．hangs C．waits D．burns 12．A.tired B．proud C．afraid D．lack 13．A.nodded B．slept C．insisted D．failed 14．A.mind B．sight C．control D．place 15．A.wonderful B．dangerous C．interesting D．challenging 16．A.run out B．break down C．work out D．put down 17．A.strange B．amazing C．bad D．energetic 18．A.candles B．lamps C．torches D．lanterns 19．A.when B．as C．unless D．until 20．A.relative B．possible C．reasonable D．positive 【解题导语】本文主要讲述了作者一家过光明节的传统、变化及作者的应对策略和反思。 【核心词汇】greed n．贪婪 materialism n．物质主义 miracle n．奇迹 1．C 根据下文的“And as we enter a new year and light the __18__approaching the time”可知，此处指点蜡烛。 2．A 根据上文的“Hanukkah(光明节)”可推知，节日是用来庆祝的。 3．B 根据语境“less than$10 each，or even$1 each(at the dollar store)”可推知，此处表示东西的价格，故用介词for。 4．C 结合语境“My children didn t ask for anything much in particular”可推知，孩子们并不挑剔，很喜欢拿到的礼物。 5．D 结合下文的转折“But this year, Hanukkah __6__ something else”和“My special-needs son”可推知，作者保持那个传统很多年。 6．B 根据转折“But this year，Hanukkah __6__ something else”和“My special-needs son”可推知，今年有些不同，有了新变化。 7．A 根据语境“and it was up to me to buy all the parts of it”可推知，儿子要组建一台电脑，要作者去买零配件。 8．C 根据下文的“And when it became clear that it wasn t going to happen, he got __9__ ”可推知，作者没同意儿子的要求，儿子就有了其他更多的要求。agree to“同意”。 9．D 很明显，作者没同意儿子的要求，儿子感到难过。upset“难过”。 10．A 很明显，作者在不断地给儿子讲道理，说明节日的意义。 11．D 根据下文的“And as we enter a new year and light the __18__ approaching the time”可推知，D项burn“燃烧，发亮”符合语境。 12．B 固定搭配be proud of意为“以……为傲，为……而自豪”，符合语境。 13．C 根据下文的“I know deep down that his obsessions(迷恋的物)are out of his __14__ ，and definitely out of mine”可推知，儿子不为所动，坚持自己的要求。 14．C 根据“obsessions(迷恋的物)”可推知，儿子陷入迷恋的事物之中，已经失控。out of control“失控”。 15．D 很明显，作者应对有特殊需求的儿子有些棘手。challenging “挑战性的”。 16．C 根据“the way I hope”可知，有些事情并不像作者希望的那样发展。work out“成功地发展”。 17．B 根据语境“who is showing me the true meaning of life”可推知，此处的语气表示肯定、赞赏，故选B。 amazing“了不起的”。 18．A 根据上文的“I liked the idea of __1__ a candle every night”可知，节日期间作者一家点蜡烛庆祝。 19．B 根据语境可知，此处表示逻辑上的因果关系，故选B。as“因为”。 20．D 与语境中的“negative”形成对比可知，此处表示把负面要求变成积极要求。positive“积极的”。 下面是李华的一篇作文，文中有五处错误，改正错误并背诵该文。 Li Ming dreamed of being a singer，and he relied on his confidence and persistence practise singing for 30 years，which has earned him success. Now his voice is familiar with everyone. He attaches great important to the help people have offered. In addition to, he is ready to help other. At the same time, he has promised that the relationship between him and his devoted fans will never break up. 答案： Li Ming dreamed of being a singer，and he relied on his confidence and persistence practise singing for 30 years，which has earned him success. Now his voice is familiar everyone. He attaches great to the help people have offered. In addition ， he is ready to help . At the same time, he has promised that the relationship between him and his devoted fans will never break up.