Unit 2 English around the world 李仕才 【阅读理解】 Restaurant chefs, home cooks, and foodies — people who love good food — often say that we eat with all of our senses. First, we use our sense of sight to appreciate how a meal is presented, either on a dinner plate or a dining table. Our sense of touch can also be important when preparing or sharing food. Next, with our sense of smell, we breathe in the mouth-watering aromas (香味) rising up from the meal. Finally, we enjoy the food with our sense of taste. But what about our sense of hearing? Does sound also affect our dining experience? A new report answers, “yes, it does. ” That answer comes from researchers at Brigham Young University in the United States. They found that hearing is important in the eating experience. Hearing is often called “the forgotten food sense, ” says Ryan Elder, “if people notice the sound the food makes as they eat it, they might eat less. ” On the other hand, watching loud television or listening to loud music while eating can hide such noises. And this could lead to overeating. The researchers admit that the effects may not seem like much at one meal. But over a week, a month, or a year, all that food can really add up. But besides not overeating, there is another upside. Hearing the noises of your meal as you eat, could help you to be more mindful of the experience and perhaps help you to enjoy it more. 【文章大意】 本文告诉人们享用食物时, 会用到五种感觉: 视觉、触觉、听觉、嗅觉和味觉; 并着重说明了听觉对人们进食量的影响。 1. How many senses are involved in enjoying foods? A. 3. B. 4. C. 5. D. 6. 【解析】选C。细节理解题。根据第二段、第三段和第四段可知: 人们享用食物时, 涉及五种感觉——the sense of sight, the sense of touch, the sense of hearing, the sense of smell和the sense of taste。故C项正确。 2. The underlined phrase “such noises” in the seventh paragraph refers to ________. A. the noises food being eaten makes B. the noises people hear while eating C. the loud music people hear while eating D. the noises from TV while people eat 【解析】选A。词义猜测题。根据第六、七段的内容可知, such noises指上一段中“people notice the sound the food makes as they eat it”中的the sound。故A项“食物在被食用时所发出的噪音”为正确答案。 3. Which sense does the passage mainly analyze when it comes to appreciating food? A. The sense of taste. B. The sense of hearing. C. The sense of touch. D. The sense of smell. 【解析】选B。主旨大意题。从第四段开始至最后一段都在分析听觉对人们享用食物的影响。故B项正确。 教材与语法填空 根据教材课文内容，在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Since people began to move from England to other parts of the world, more and more people have begun 1. (speak) English as their first, second or a foreign language. But English 2. (change) over time. The English 3. (speak) in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different 4. the English spoken today. As 5. matter of fact, it was based 6. (much) on German than present English. Then it became less like German because those 7. ruled England spoke first Danish and later French. One big change in English happened when Noah Webster 8. (write) The American Dictionary of the English Language. Today the number of people who 9. (learn) English in China is increasing 10. (rapid). Will Chinese English develop its own identity? Only time will tell. 答案：1.to speak 2.has changed 3.spoken 4.from 5．a 6.more 7.who 8.wrote 9.are learning 10.rapidly 教材与话题写作 (Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。 1．如今，英语变得越来越流行。我们应该利用每一个机会来学好英语。(at present; make use of) 答案：At present, English is becoming more and more popular in the world. We should make use of every opportunity to learn it well. 2．掌握单词的拼写是很重要的，我们还应该学会很流利地去读。(spelling; fluently) 答案：It’s very important to master the spelling of the words. We should also learn to read English fluently. 3．只有当我们掌握了大量的词汇之后，我们才能轻松地阅读。(vocabulary) 答案：Only when we master a lot of vocabulary can we read easily. 4．记一些语法及单词的用法，慢慢地我们就会用英语来自如地写文章了。(usage; gradually) 答案：Remember some grammar and the usage of some words and then gradually we can use English freely to write passages. 5．事实上，要想学会英语，还要多加练习才行。(actually) 答案：Actually, if you want to learn English well, you should practice more. (Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文，要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。 【完形填空】 The murmur of the audience had just faded into silence.This was one of the most __1__ days in five-year-old Patricia McKee s life：the Kernot School Concert.She stood __2__ the curtain with her schoolmates.Yet she was not __3__ because everyone had been practicing for weeks and knew their __4__ by heart. Being in a remote country town，Patricia knew that everyone would __5__ for the big occasion－everyone！Yet，it was this awareness that added a sense of __6__ to her excitement.There were two people who couldn t be in that __7__ that night—her mum and dad. Patricia s parents __8__ the local general store，which was __9__ for business 24 hours.So it was simply __10__ that Mum and Dad could never attend community activities.It had been this way with her sister，so why should it be any __11__ for her? Still，Patricia couldn t help __12__ that her parents could be there to see her on such a special day，so she decided to __13__ the subject with her mother.__14__，she had to face the facts.At such a young age，Patricia couldn t really understand the deep __15__ in her mother s response：“I ll try to be there，sweetheart，but you know how __16__ it is for us to get away from the store.” Yet as the curtain slowly opened, little Patricia got the __17__ of her life.There，sitting four rows the front was her mother with a big smile on her face! This powerful image __18__ one of Patricia s most treasured memories.“Words cannot express the pure joy we both __19__ at that moment，” said Patricia.Her parents have passed away, but what a wonderful legacy(遗产) they ve left us：when someone really __20__ you，be there for them. 1．A.difficult B．important C．sad D．perfect 2．A.before B．under C．beside D．behind 3．A.excited B．moved C．afraid D．lost 4．A.parts B．relations C．jobs D．forms 5．A.join up B．prepare C．drop in D．turn out 6．A.happiness B．sadness C．willingness D．eagerness 7．A.audience B．store C．play D．movie 8．A.bought B．got C．sold D．ran 9．A.easy B．open C．still D．closed 10．A.recognized B．denied C．accepted D．incredible 11．A.different B．satisfied C．personal D．wise 12．A.thinking B．talking C．learning D．wishing 13．A.hand in B．go through C．bring up D．put away 14．A.Surprisingly B．Happily C．Obviously D．Sadly 15．A.pain B．meaning C．understanding D．thought 16．A.awful B．hard C．troublesome D．thankful 17．A.blow B．wonder C．person D．surprise 18．A.remained B．left C．took D．affected 19．A.wanted B．experienced C．made D．forgot 20．A.hates B．loves C．cares D．needs 【解题导语】本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。父母因忙于看店无法去看Patricia McKee的演出，所以当Patricia突然看到母亲出现在演出现场时，她非常惊讶。这一刻成了她一生的回忆。文章通过这件事告诉我们：当别人需要你时，请陪在他们身边。 1．B 考查形容词辨析。根据第二段中的“the big occasion”以及常识可知，对于五岁的Patricia来说，那天是一个重要的日子。B项意为“重要的”，符合语境。A项意为“困难的”；C项意为“悲伤的”；D项意为“完美的”，均与语境不符。故选B。 2．D 考查介词辨析。根据常识及第五段第一句“Yet as the curtain slowly opened”可知，出场前Patricia和她的同学站在幕布的后面。D项意为“在……的后面”，符合语境。A项意为“在……面前”；B项意为“在……下面”；C项意为“在……旁边”，均与语境不符。故选D。 3．C 考查形容词辨析。根据空格后的“because everyone had been practicing for weeks”可知，所有人都排练了几个星期，所以她不害怕。C项意为“害怕的”，符合语境。A项意为“兴奋的”；B项意为“感动的”；D项意为“迷惘的，困惑的”，均与语境不符。故选C。 4．A 考查名词辨析。根据本句中的“everyone had been practicing for weeks”可知，排练了几个星期，每个人都记熟了自己的台词和动作。A项意为“角色，台词和动作”，符合语境。B项意为“关系”；C项意为“工作”；D项意为“形式”，均与语境不符。故选A。 5．D 考查动词(短语)辨析。根据语境可知，所有人都会出席这个盛大的活动。D项意为“出席，参加”，符合语境。A项意为“连接，联合起来”；B项意为“准备”；C项意为“落进，顺便拜访”，均与语境不符。故选D。 6．B 考查名词辨析。根据下一句内容可知，因为父母不能来观看演出，所以Patricia在兴奋的同时又有些难过。B项意为“悲伤，难过”，符合语境。A项意为“幸?！?；C项意为“乐意”；D项意为“渴望”，均与语境不符。故选B。 7．A 考查名词辨析。根据下一段内容可知，此处指Patricia的父母亲不能在现场当她的观众。A项意为“观众，听众”，符合语境。故选A。 8．D 考查动词辨析。根据空格后面的宾语“the local general store”可知，此处指Patricia的父母在当地经营一家杂货店。D项意为“经营，参加，跑”，符合语境。故选D。 9．B 考查形容词辨析。根据空格后面的“for business 24 hours”可知，这个杂货店24小时营业。B项意为“开放的，营业的”，符合语境。故选B。 10．C 考查词义辨析。根据上下文可知，她的父母经营一家24小时都营业的商店，所以她的父母从不参加社区活动是可以接受的。C项意为“公认可接受的，被认可的”，符合语境。A项意为“辨认出”；B项意为“否认”；D项意为“极好的，难以置信的”，均与语境不符。故选C。 11．A 考查形容词辨析。根据前一句“It had been this way with her sister”可知，父母也没有参加过姐姐的活动，所以对她不会有所不同。A项意为“不同的”，符合语境。B项意为“满意的”；C项意为“个人的”；D项意为“明智的”，均与语境不符。故选A。 12．D 考查动词辨析。根据本句中的“Still”和“her parents could be there”可知，虽然如此，Patricia还是忍不住希望她的父母亲能来看她演出。D项意为“希望”，符合语境。A项意为“想，认为”；B项意为“谈论”；C项意为“学习”，均与语境不符。故选D。 13．C 考查动词短语辨析。根据上文提到的Patricia希望她的父母能来看她演出和空格后面的宾语“the subject with her mother”可知，此处指Patricia决定向母亲提出这个话题。C项意为“提出”，符合语境。A项意为“上交”；B项意为“经历”；D项意为“把……收起来”，均与语境不符。故选C。 14．D 考查副词辨析。根据本句中的“she had to face the facts”以及下文母亲的回答可知，她的母亲并不确定能不能参加，所以很遗憾她只能接受这个事实。D项意为“不幸地，说来遗憾”，符合语境。A项意为“惊讶地”；B项意为“高兴地”；C项意为“明显地”，均与语境不符。故选D。 15．A 考查名词辨析。根据常识以及后来母亲出现在观众席里可知，母亲想参加女儿的活动却抽不出时间，她也很痛苦，但五岁的Patricia并不理解这种痛苦。A项意为“痛苦”，符合语境。B项意为“意思”；C项意为“理解”；D项意为“想法”，均与语境不符。故选A。 16．B 考查形容词辨析。根据上文提及的24小时营业商店可知，她的父母亲离开商店是一件很困难的事情。B项意为“困难的”，符合语境。A项意为“可怕的”；C项意为“麻烦的”；D项意为“感激的”，均与语境不符。故选B。 17．D 考查名词辨析。根据上文母亲的回答可知，母亲观看Patricia的演出的可能性不大，所以当Patricia看到台下的母亲时，那真的是她人生中的惊喜。D项意为“惊喜，意想不到的事”，符合语境。A项意为“打击”；B项意为“奇?！?；C项意为“人”，均与语境不符。故选D。 18．A 考查动词辨析。根据上文可知，母亲的出现对Patricia来说是一个很大的惊喜，所以这一幕成为Patricia最珍贵的记忆之一。A项意为“继续，依然”，符合语境。B项意为“离开”；C项意为“拿走”；D项意为“影响”，均与语境不符。故选A。 19．B 考查动词辨析?！皐e both ________ at that moment”是省略了关系代词that或which的定语从句，先行词the pure joy在从句中作空格处所填词的宾语。句意为Patricia说：“没有言语能表达出我们在那一刻所体会到的那种纯粹的快乐?！盉项意为“体会，感受”，符合语境。A项意为“想要”；C项意为“使得，制造”；D项意为“忘记”，均与语境不符。故选B。 20．D 考查动词辨析。通读全文可知，文章通过 Patricia的经历告诉我们：当别人真正需要你时，要陪伴在他们的身边。D项意为“需要”，符合语境。A项意为“憎恨”；B项意为“爱”；C项意为“在乎”，均与语境不符。故选D。 下面是李华的一篇作文，文中有五处错误，改正错误并背诵该文。 At the present, English is becoming more and more popular in the world. As high school students, we should make use of every opportunity learn it well. First of all, this is very important to master the spelling of the words. Secondly, we should also learn to read English fluent. Only when we master a lot of vocabulary can we read easily. Remember some grammar and the usage of some words and then gradually we can use English freely to write passages. Actually, saying is one thing and do is another. If you want to learn English well, you should practice more. 答案： At the present, English is becoming more and more popular in the world. As high school students, we should make use of every opportunity learn it well. First of all, is very important to master the spelling of the words. Secondly, we should also learn to read English . Only when we master a lot of vocabulary can we read easily. Remember some grammar and the usage of some words and then gradually we can use English freely to write passages. Actually, saying is one thing and is another. If you want to learn English well, you should practice more.